Symptoms of kidney stone –
The kidney is an extremely important organ in the body because it flushes out the unnecessary water from the blood, together with waste and toxins through urine. Urine from the kidneys goes to the bladder and gets out of the body throughout the urethra. Waste and toxins, when not pushed out completely through urine, create crystals and cause kidney stones.
Our body can eliminate small stones in the kidney easily but it’s unable to eliminate the larger ones. This is the reason stones remain in our body and cause numerous types of ailments. When the stones are stuck in the ureter, the tube between the kidney and bladder, it blocks the flow of urine from the kidney and causes unbearable pain.
Kidney stone is made of salt and minerals and sometimes they are a hard collection of calcium and uric acid. These stones develop in the kidney and sometimes travel to other parts of the body which are connected to urination.
A kidney stone can be of different sizes. Some are small, some are bigger in size and some are so large they cover the entire kidney.
Kidney stones develop when there is too much minerals in the body accumulating in the urine. Whenever you are dehydrated by not drinking enough water, a huge amount of minerals is deposited in your urine. When the level of minerals is high, it creates stones in the kidneys.
There are 1 out of 10 peoples are suffering from kidney stones in the world. These stone problems are more common in those with obesity or diabetes problems.
A smaller kidney stone travels in the body through the urine and does not cause any bad effects. Most of the time, stones pass themselves from the body without any treatments.
Kidney stone symptoms in men and women
There is some overlap in the symptoms of kidney stones between men and women. Symptoms also vary due to the differences in the gender’s urinary tract.
Kidney stone symptoms in men include:
- Pains in the abdominal, groin and lower back.
- A frequent urge to the urinate.
- Blood in urine.
- Fever, chills and gastric distress.
Symptoms of kidney stones in women:
- Pain, itching or discharge in the vulva.
- Pains similar to those in an ectopic pregnancy (if pregnant) or ovulation/menstrual pain. Also similar pains to those of Urinary Tract Infections, vaginitis, hernia, cystitis.
- Urge for frequent urination
- Back pain and blood in the urine.
Signs and symptoms of kidney stones in children
Children may experience symptoms of kidney stone slightly differently than adults. Common signs and symptoms of the kidney stones in children are:
- Restlessness and constant crying
- Blood in urine
- Changes in urine frequency, color, and pain while urinating.
More details of kidney stone symptoms will be discussed later in this article.
Types of kidney stones
There are various types of kidney stones in the body. You need to know which type of kidney stone you are having in order to understand the treatment of the particular type of kidney stone.
A majority of stones in the kidney are calcium stones, which are made of calcium oxalate. Oxalate is a natural substance found in food and created daily by your liver. Some vegetables, fruits, chocolate, and nuts are the high sources of oxalate.
Taking a large amount of vitamin D, intestinal bypass surgery and several metabolic disorders can increase the concentration of calcium or oxalate in the urine.
Struvite stones are created by urinary tract infection. These stones grow faster and can become quite larger in size.
Uric Acid Stones:-
When the body does not take in enough fluids such as water, juice or any other liquid, it can quickly develop this type of stones. Those who lose too much fluid from the body, or follow a high protein diet or those suffering from gout are also the ones that are prone to uric acid stone issues. Sometimes certain genetic factors can increase the risk of uric acid stones as well.
These types of stones are formed in people with a hereditary disorder that causes the kidneys to excrete too much of the certain amino acids (cystinuria).
8 symptoms and signs that you may be suffering from kidney stones.
Pain in the belly, back or the side way.
Kidney stone pain is one of the most unimaginable pains. Men feel this pain like someone stabbing a knife in their back and women find it like giving birth to a child. It is a very intense pain and over 10 million peoples around the world go into hospital emergency due to experiencing this pain.
Most of the pain starts when the stone moves to the narrow area between the kidney and the bladder. This blocks the urinary process and builds pressure on the kidney. The pain starts most of the time suddenly in the location where the stone moves to.
Large stones are more painful than smaller ones but when the pain starts, the size of the stone does not matter because sometimes small stones can go through a more sensitive area and pose a bigger impact.
Pain or Burning during urination.
When stones reach between the ureter and the bladder, a person can start to feel pain. In medical term, it is called dysuria.
The pain can be sharp and burning sometimes. Sometimes peoples don’t know they have kidney stones as they mistake it for urinary tract infection. It is possible for someone to have both infection and stone problems at the same time, so it’s better to visit a doctor to get a proper check-up.
Urgent need to urinate.
Sometimes you feel you need to go to bathroom urgently or frequently than normal, this is a sign that the stone has moved to the lower part of the urinary tract. You feel the need to urinate constantly all day and night. Urinating urgency can also be a symptom of urinary tract infection.
Blood comes in the Urine.
One of the most common symptoms of urinary tract stone is blood comes in the urine. In medical language, it is called hematuria.
Blood can come in various colors like pink, brown or red. Sometimes the blood amount too small that it is not noticeable, only the doctor can test and check for this.
Smelly and Cloudy Urine.
Urine that is clear and does not have a strong odor is healthy urine. Foul smelling urine or cloudy urine could be a sign of kidney infection or infection in other parts of the urinary tract.
Around 10% of people with kidney stones are suffering from acute urinary tract infection. The smell in the urine comes from the bacteria that causes urinary tract infections.
Only a small amount of Urine at a time.
Large kidney stones sometimes stuck in a ureter. This blockage can slow down or stop the flow of urine. If you are suffering from this blockage, you may only urinate a small quantity each time whenever you go. Urine flow that stops entirely requires a medical emergency.
Feeling of Nausea and Vomiting.
The feeling of nausea and vomiting is common in those peoples who are suffering from kidney stones. This symptom happens because of the shared nerve connections between the kidneys and the GI tract. These stones in the kidneys can trigger the nerves in the GI tract, setting off an upset stomach.
Nausea and vomiting are the ways your body gives a response about an intense pain.
Chills and Fever.
Chills and fever are signs showing that you have an infection. In the case of kidney stone problem, the infection is in your kidney or in other parts of the urinary tract. This indicates a a serious complication of kidney stones. It can also be a sign or symptom of other problems besides kidney stones. If you are suffering from fever while experiencing other symptoms stated above, you need an urgent medical attention. See a doctor to take proper treatments.
The risk factors for developing kidney stones in your body.
If someone in your parents or grandparents suffered from kidney stones previously, there is a higher chance that you will suffer from this problem as well. Similarly, if you are suffering from this problem, then your children also have higher chance of getting kidney stones.
Not taking enough fluids or water daily can increase the risk of kidney stones. if you are living in warm areas or sweat a lot daily, then not taking enough fluids or water can put you at high risk for kidney stones.
Certain/ Particular Diets:-
Taking high protein, too much salt (high sodium) and taking too much sugar can increase the risk of kidney stones.
Huge body mass index, i.e BMI, excessive belly fat and overweight can increase the risk of kidney stone.
Digestion Related Diseases or Surgery:-
Gastric problems like acidity, heartburn, indigestion, chronic diarrhea or inflammatory bowel disease which affects the digestive process increase the stone-forming substances in the urine.
Other Medical Conditions:-
Diseases and conditions that may increase your risk of kidney stones include renal tubular acidosis, hyperparathyroidism, cystinuria, certain medications, and some urinary tract infections.
If you find any of the above written symptoms, call and consult the doctor right away. It is better to take proper treatment as quickly as possible because kidney stone is a severe medical problem that can lead to complications without timely treatment.